Monday, 8 June 2009

Peruvian nobility today

Nobility in Peru. It seems an incongruous combination, as nobility is more connected to the old world than the new one. Which is also true in one way, as the present nobility in Peru is of old world origin. In the colonial times noble titles where created in Peru for persons who distinguished themselves. An overview of all these titles can be found in edition 21 of the Revista del Instituto Peruano de Investigaciones Genealogicas from 1995. In 1823 after the independence Bolivar abolished the nobility, as being an undesired aspect of the former Spanish colonial rule. Many titles that had been created in Peru moved with their holders to Spain and are now held in that country.

However during the 20th century several Peruvian descendants of the old colonial families applied in Spain for rehabilitation of their hereditary titles and were granted them. And even now in the 21st century, almost 200 years since independence, claimants petition for their ancestral titles.

Present titles held in Peru:
Francisco Javier Mendoza Benavides, since 12-4-2000 6.Marqués de Casa Boza * Lima ..-6-1954 (title created 1736, rehabilitated 1930)

José Manuel Pardo Paredes, since 16-5-2002 7.Marqués de Fuentehermosa de Miranda * Lima 22-8-1947 ( created 1761, rehabilitated 1893 and 1994). His father inherited the beautiful Quinta Heeren in Barrios Altos in Lima. The Quinta Heeren housed in the beginning of the 20th century several embassies.

Manuel Gastañeta Carrillo de Albornoz, since 7-2-1996 9.Marqués de Montealegre de Aulestia * 21-7-1956 (1737, 1918) . He is a lawyer; http://www.garciasayan.com/detabogado.php?idabogado=21.

Fernando Carlos Leopoldo de Trazegnies Granda, since 9-1-1982 4.Marqués de Torrebermeja * Lima 3-9-1935 (1727, 1952). He is professor of law and was foreign minister of Peru 1998-2000; http://works.bepress.com/fernando_de_trazegnies_granda/.

José Agustín de Aliaga Fernandini, since 24-7-1996 8.Marqués de Zelada de la Fuente * … (1688, 1958). A descendant of the conquistador Jerónimo de Aliaga, companion of Pizarro during the conquest of Peru in the 1530´s. His mother belonged to the important industrial Fernandini family. One of his positions is director of Sociedad Minera el Brocal S.A.A.

Alejandro Yrigoyen Elejalde, since 4-10-1995 5.Conde de Alastaya * Lima 17-10-1960 (1769, 1982). Architect and joint director of Rey + Yrigoyen S.R.L.

Fernando Carlos Leopoldo de Trazegnies Granda, since 14-9-1984 6.Conde de las Lagunas * Lima 3-9-1935 (1715, 1984). See above.

José Guillermo Gastañeta Carrillo de Albornoz, since 23-12-2004 9.Conde de Monteblanco * 9-7-1946 (1755, 1913). Working for government organisation COFOPRI, Organismo de Formalización de la Propiedad Informal.

María Josefa González de Orbegoso Alvarado, since 14-11-1984 7.Condesa de Olmos * … (1690, 1905)

Gonzalo Jorge de Aliaga Ascenzo, since 12-3-2004 8.Conde de San Juan de Lurigancho * 6-9-1947 (1695, 1958). Descendant of the conquistador Jerónimo de Aliaga, companion of Pizarro during the conquest of Peru. He still owns and lives in the Casa Aliaga in the centre of Lima.

Apart from persons with the Spanish noble titles titled foreigners have moved to Peru and now live here. Especially Polish nobles found in Peru a new home. The most known of these are the count and countess Potocki of the family that once owned Łańcut, one of the most luxurious castles of Europe. Stanislaw Potocki and his wife Rosa Susanna Larco de la Fuente frequent regularly the society columns. Rosa was first married to an uncle of the present Conde de Alastaya.

Another well known Polish aristocrat living in Peru is Maria Rostworowska, although not for society reasons but for her groundbreaking work as a historian. Her father Jan Jacek Rostworowski married Peruvian Rita de Tovar del Valle. Maria was first married in Poland to count Zygmunt Broel-Plater and after their divorce in Peru with Alejandro Diez Canseco Coronel Zegarra, a relative as well of the Conde de Alastaya.

Apart from Eastern European émigrés, a grandson of the last German emperor, Prince Franz Joseph of Prussia married in 1959 in Lima as his third wife Eva Herrera Valdeavellano. Thus the future pretender to the imperial Russian throne, Georgi Romanov, who is the son of Franz Joseph´s eldest son and the present Russian pretender Grand Duchess Maria Vladimirovna, has two Peruvian aunts.

Another German nobleman settled in the beginning of the 19th century in Peru: Clemens Anton Freiherr von Althaus. He was the illegitimate son of the countess regent of Schaumburg-Lippe and Clement August von Kaas. He was first an officer in the army of the kingdom of Hanover and moved to Peru in 1820. In Arequipa he married in 1826 a cousin of the writer Flora Tristan. Their descendants still live in Peru.

As stated in the first paragraph the present Peruvian nobility is of old world origin. Until the beginning of the 19th century however there used to be an indigenous nobility as well, which vanished completely. The next story in this blog will be of the old Peruvian nobility. The descendants of the Incas and of the pre Inca royalty, who maintained a certain position until the independence of Peru.

6 comments:

  1. Great blog and very interesting history, didnt know there were that many local titles. Have you heard of livinginperu.com? your articles deserve publication.

    http://revistadeindias.revistas.csic.es/index.php/revistadeindias/article/viewFile/492/559
    ....1995 un magnífico estudio sobre los títulos y su sucesión hasta la actualidad5.
    Allí están las bases documentales y bibliográficas más sólidas para quien
    quiera aproximarse a ese grupo dirigente de la vida económica, social y cultural
    de los tiempos del Virreinato. Aunque los autores difieren en cuanto al número
    de títulos nobiliarios que se otorgaron y florecieron en el territorio peruano, siguiendo
    la lista propuesta por Rosas Siles tenemos que hubo 70 marquesados, 49
    condados, 2 vizcondados y un ducado, con grandeza de España, hasta la procla-
    mación de la Independencia6. Por las dificultades financieras que pasó la monarquía
    hispánica desde la propia época de Felipe II, sabemos que muchas veces el
    origen de la titulación se halló —más que en los méritos intrínsecos del beneficiado—
    en la capacidad económica del candidato para ofrecer un buen «servicio»
    a la Corona.
    Por lo tanto, resulta evidente que en esa aristocracia titulada se reunía tanto.....

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  2. Lunes, 23 de Noviembre del 2009

    DutchinPeru.Blogspot

    El Actual y Ultimo Conde de Alastaya es Don Hutton Josè Wilkinson-Tejada, de nacionalidad Boliviana !

    La Real Carta de Sucesiòn, le fue otorgada en Madrid el 22 de Octubre del 2008; tal y como consta, en las sgtes. pàginas web:

    http://alastaya.com/history.htm

    boliviagen.com/Home/Alastayaf.pdf

    www.boe.es/boe/dias/2008/11/20/pdfs/SUM.pdf

    Atentamente,

    Sylvia R. Peñaloza Ortiz
    Jr. Miraflores 229
    Magdalena del Mar
    Celular: 9896-99018

    ReplyDelete
  3. clemens anton freiherr von althaus,conocido en el peru como el general clemente de althaus,llego al peru como sargento mayor en la expedicion libertadora de san martin; participo en las campañas de este y de bolivar. peleo en la batalla de junin y en varias mas. su gran merito fue trazar un mapa completo del peru aprovechando sus multiples recorridos enla agraste geografia del pais. sus mapas fueron utilizados por paz soldan y alabados porraimondi.casi todos se han perdiso, savo os que estan en la cancilleria del peru.sugran obra fue esa: sus mapas como no habia otros en el peru de su epoca, mientras los demas miltares de ese entonecs tuvieron como mayor merito las onterminables guerras civiles y revoluciones.

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  4. si los generales y coroneles peruanos hubiesen tenido aun la mas vaga idea que necesitaban mapas para recorrer el Peru de un extremo a otro en sus guerras civiles,habrian utilizado los mapas del gral. Althaus, pero no fue asi.En la guerra con Chile, recorrieron el pais sin mapas ni siquiera brujulas: se extraviaron en forma notoria en dos terriotios: Tarapaca y Tacna...

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  5. en la guerra de 1879 los jefes militares peruanos hicieron largas marcha por territorio PERUANO: Tarapaca y luego Tacna, sin mapas ni brujulas.En visperas de la batalla de San Francisco (Tarapaca)anduvieron de noche en medio de espesa neblina y cruzaron la via ferrea salitrera varias veces girando en redondo, por no tener brujulas.En la batalla de Tacna, peruanos y bolivinos hicironuna inutil marcha nocturna pevia la batalla del dia siguiente: ni brujulas ni mapas y logicamene estban fatigados a la hora del combate, aunque pelearon heroicamene.

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  6. How do I contact José Manuel Pardo Paredes, Marqués de Fuentehermosa de Miranda? I am trying to trace a double portrait of Teresa Pardo Y Barreda and her daughter Ana, both Marquesses Fuente Hermosa de Miranda, painted inNew York 1917 by Adolfo Muller-Ury. Thanks Stephen Conrad
    stephenjconrad2@aol.co.uk

    ReplyDelete